Bhaktapur (Durbar Square):
Seekers of Solace and inner harmony find the place absolutely insatiating. The awful art and architecture abounding here is amazing. Innumerable temples and other architectural show pieces. viz., The Lion Gate, the statue of king Bhupatindra Malla, the picture Gallery, the Golden Gate, the Palace of 55 Windows and Bell of Barking Dogs dots the landscape here. Of the many statues one finds in Nepal, the Statue of Bhupatindra Malla, placed on a column facing the palace is inarguably the most magnificent. The national Art Gallery is also housed inside.
Entrance to the main courtyard of the Palace of 55 Windows (Built in 15th century) is the Golden Gate. Built by King Ranjit Malla, the Gate is a masterpiece in repose art and one of the most beautiful and richly carved specimens of its kind in the entire world.
King Bhupindra Malla built the palace of 55 windows in the 17th century, Infact, its a balcony of 55 window with some gracious setting and sculptural design - a masterpiece of wood carving.
Also located in the Durbar Square is the stone temple of Batsala Devi, full of intricate carvings. A beautiful example of Bronze bell on its terrace, which is also known as the "Bell of Barking Dogs". This colossal bell was placed in 1737 A.D. and was to sound curfew in those days.
To the east of Durbar Square lies Taumadhi Square presided over by the towering five-roofed Nyataoda Temple. Built by Bhupatindra Malla, the monument gracefully soars into the sky atop a five - story plinth. On each of the terraces, you find paired figures of famous wrestlers, elephants, lions, griffins and Baghini and Singhini, the tiger and lion goddesses. Each of the stone figures of deities and mythical beasts flanking stairway is 10 times more powerful than the immediately below. With one of the tallest pagoda, the temple is famous for its massive structure and subtle workmanship.
The square derives its name from the Dattatreya Temple dedicated to the trinity of Hindu deities Brahma, Vishnu and Mahesh (Shiva). The temple, is said to have been built from a single tree in 1427 AD A Monestry with exquisitely carved peacocks windows lies nearby.
The square presents a perfect feel of the traditional urban layout of Bhaktapur. With richly ornamented houses and ornate Hindu monestries, known as Math, the place is magical. of the mine Maths here, the Pujari Math(built in 15th century) is most famous and is decorated with wonderful word - carvings, including the celebrated peacock window.
The national woodworking museum is also housed here. Nearby is the Brass and Bronze Museum.
Pashupatinath Temple - situated 5 kms east of Kathmandu on the bank of sacred Bagmati river, the temple of Lord Shiva with two tiered golden roof and silver doors is famous for its super architecture.
It is a centre of annual pilgrimage on the day of Maha Shivaratri.
King Bhupindra Malla changed this one-story pagoda into a three storey temple in 1718 AD Dedicated to Lord Bhairav, the god of Terror, the temple is famous for its artistic grandeur.
Surya Vinak Temple:
Flanked by some luring landscapes, this temple of Ganesha is placed in a Sylvan setting to catch the first rays of the rising sun. A perfect picnic place.
Changu Narayan Temple:
Perhaps the oldest in the valley, this temple is said to have been built by King Hari Dutta in 323 AD.
Patan (Durbar Square):
Listed as a world heritage site, the former royal palace situated in the heart of the city is like its counterpart in Kathmandu. Patan Durbar square is an enchanting melange of ancient palaces, Pagoda temples, shrines and captivating courtyards. The three main chowks or courtyards hare are the central Mul chowk, Sundari chowk and keshav Narayan chowk. Tusahity, the Royal bath in the Sundari Chowk is a masterpiece of stone architecture. Another remarkable structure of the square is a temple of Lord Krishna built entirely in stone in 17th century. This krishna Mandir is supposed to be the first specimen of Shikhara style of architecture in Nepal
Just a few yards east to the Patan Durbar square lies this Buddhist monument, which is an excellent example of terra-cotta artform. With thousands of images of Buddha engraved on its wall, it points to the skills of Patan's craftsmen. Built in 14th century. Monuments obelisk like design stands apart in a city flooded with pagoda roofs and pagoda temples.
Another Buddhist monument, near Mahaboudha. Uku Bahal is one of the best known Buddhist place of worship. It's a two-story building enclosing stone - paved courtyards. Woodcarving on the roof struts. Various sacred images and other small shrines are its main attractive features.
A Fair is held around this temple of Lord Shiva on the Janani Poornima day in August. The temple was built during the reign of king Jayasthiti Malla
Housing many fine images in stone and a mesmerizing statue of Garuda on a stone pillar, this imposing temple of Lord Vishnu is situated at Sankhmul.
Temple of Machhendranath and Minnath:
Situated at Tabahal, this pagoda of Red Machhendranath was built in 1408 A.D. the deity is shifted to the shrine in Bungmati for six months.On the way to Tabahal, at Tangal is the famous shrine of Minnath, a must stop for all devotees.
The Mahavihar has been recently reconstructed around the 17th century temple of Lod Buddha built by Achheshwar. A beautiful panoramic view of Kathmandu Valley can be had from the Mahavihar. Which lies just behind the Ashokan stupa of Pulchowk.
Its another historic and holy shrine dedicated to the goddess Guheswari, near Pashupatinath.
Hanuman Dhoka (Durbar Square):
Built between the 12th and the 18th centuries, this complex of palaces, courtyards and temples is the historic seat of royalty. It used to be the seat of ancient Malla kings of Kathmandu. The durbar Square, protected as a UNESCO World heritage site, epitomizes the religious and cultural life of the people. Other than a 17th - century stone inscription set into the wall of the palace with writings in 15 languages, interesting things to see here are: Taleju Temple (Built by King Mahendra Malla in 1549 A.D., Kal Bhairav, the god of Destruction Nautalle Darbar, Coronation Nasal Chowk, the Gaddi Baithak, the statue of king Pratap Malla, the big bell, big drum, the Jagannath Temple and three museums including the numismatic museum and the Tribhuvan Museum. Photography is prohibited inside the museums.
Situated in the vicinity of Hanuman Dhoka Palace is the temple of Kumari - the living Goddess, the goddess acknowledges the greetings from her balcony. With profusely carved wooden balconies and window screens, the building is simply majestic.
A temple located near the temple of kumari, from which the city of Kathmandu derives its name. Tradition as identify King Laxmi Narasingha Malla as the builder of the sixteenth century temple. As per the legends, it was constructed from the wood of a single tree.
Ashoka Vinayak Temple:
Also Known as Kathmandu Ganesh or Maru Ganesh, this small but very important temple is situated just behind the Kasthamandap.
Positioned on one of the main routes of the chariot festivals of Indra Jatra, Gai Jatra and other festivals, the Shiva Temple of Jaishi Dewal is famous for its erotic carvings.
Situated below the shivapuri hills, Buddhanikantha is about eight km north of Kathmandu. The hub of the temple complex is remarkable colossal statue of the hindu god Vishnu reclining on the coils of a cosmic serpent. This great stone figure is one of the masterpiece of stone sculptures of Lichchavi period, and is supposed to have been built in the fifth century.
Situated on a ridge 8-10 km south-west of Kathmandu, this ancient newar township has many things to offer, from old shrines, temples, artistic old houses to people dressed in old traditional costumes. Chilamchu stupa and the temple of Bagh Bhairav are major attractions here. And so is the natural fortress, this town is, with a proud and courageous history.
Bagh Bhairav Temple:
Bagh Bhairav Mandir: Nailed to the facade of the temple are swords that were once used by the soldiers who fruitlessly defended Kirtipur against the troops of King Prithvi Narayan Shah
Dedicated to the hindugoddess kali, this temple, some 22 kms away from the city center on the southern rim of the valley, is one of the most popular places for worshippers. Tuesday Saturdays are most auspicious ones when the ritual of animal sacrifice is performed before the deity. Moreover, this place has now been developed and has become a popular picnic spot.
Enroute to Dakshinkali, about 9 km southwest of Kathmandu is the Chobbar Gorge. Lord Manjushree was the one who made the narrow gash in the hills, all the water of valley drain through which. Visiting the temple of Adinath on the top of a hill here. Offers an added advantage of having a panoramic view of snowcapped mountain peaks.
Shekha Narayan Temple:
In between Dikshinkali and chobhar, is situated the temple of Shekha Narayan, representing one of the four Narayans of the valley. Others are: I changu Narayan(Kathmandu Changu Narayan Bhaktapur and Visankhu Narayan (Patan).
Near the Sahid gate is the temple of goddess Bhadrakali. This is one of the main "Shakta" temples of Kathmandu and is also known as "Lumarshi Temple"
The clear, green city in the Terai of the Ramayana fame. According to the epic, most revered with Hindus, the city is the birthplace of sita, wife of Lord Ram, and the model of the perfect Hindu woman. The artistic marble temple of sita (Janaki), popularly known as Naulakha Mandir, attracts thousands of hindu pilgrims throughout the year to their homage. Besides, Ram Sita Bibah Mandap, the pagoda temple marking the place where legendary Ram and Sita got married and the Hanuman temple, dedicated to the monkey god Hanuman deserve a second visit. Many religious festivals, trade fair and other functions and festivities are held here on Bivaha Panchami and Ram Navami days. Very near to the Indian state of Bihar, Janakpur is well connected with Kathmandu by air and road.
About 14 km from Janakpur is the town Jaleshwar, once headquarters of Mahottari and sarlahi aoshwra and now of Mahottari district. The historic temple of Jaleshwar Mahadev (the god of water), constructed in Sikhara style, has the Shiva Linga (Phallic) Situated 10 feet underground which is full of water throughout the year, Though legens claim that king Janak (father of Sita) constructed this temple, archaeologically it seems to be of 17th century perhaps built during the reign of the Makawani Sen kings. Barun Sar and Kshireshwar are two ponds behind the temple, wherein. Pilgrims can take a holy dip. Jaleshwar, one of the prominent places of worship in Nepal Terai, buzz with the sounds of bells, sacred chants of priests and pilgrims, specially during the Maha Shiva Ratri and Basant Panchmi, every year.
Situated near the India-Nepal Border, visitors can reach here by Bhitamod (Sursand) in Bihar by road or from Jayanagar - Janakpur Railway. Connectivity is also provided by the East - West highway from Janakpur.
Lumbini is the birthplace of Gautam Buddha, the founder of Buddhism, which was destined to be the prevalent religion in Asia. This nativity site, identified by the Ashokan Pillar, erected by Magadhan emperor Ashoka, to commemorate the birth place of Buddha, the Lumbini grove. The pillar was erected over 2200 years ago, making lumbini the quintessential Buddhist heritage site. Among the prime attractions are the sacred garden with an area of 8 sq. km, the Mayadevi Temple with a bas relief of Mayadevi, the Buddha's mother and a sacred stone marked with a "foot imprint" of Ashoka. The Ashokan Pillar, the oldest monument so far found in Nepal lies to the west of the Mayadevi Temple. Today only the lower shaft of the pillar stands, the upper past having been split into two. There is no trace of the horse capital. To the south of the pillar is Puskarni, the sacred pond, wherein, Mayadevi is said to have had taken a bath just before giving birth to the Buddha - the Enlightened one.
For those interested in the treasury of cultural and archaeological riches, Lumbini is the perfect place to be there with a number of stupa, monasteries, meditation centers and bahals(courtyard), no other place evokes the time and aura of the Buddha like Lumbini, the Hallowed birthplace of the Apostle of Peace.