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Geography of Maldives


The Maldives is located in the South West of Sri Lanka on the equator. The legion coral reef islands, 1,190 in total, form an archipelago of 26 natural atolls which are formed into 19 administrative atolls with island of Male' as its capital established as an entity of its own shaping the twentieth division. Watched from air, the atolls and the islands form astonishingly beautiful forms against the blue depths of the Indian Ocean.

The Island of Maldives extends 823 km north to south and 130 km east to west. Out of the fantastically large number of islands only 200 islands are populated, with 88 islands adjusted as single resort islands. The sea figures over 99 percent of the Maldives. Only 0.331 percent, 298 km2 (115 square miles), of its 298 km2 (34, 750 square miles) is land.

Together with the Lakshadweep formerly called Laccadive Islands to the north and the Chagos Islands to the south, the Maldives form part of a vast submarine mountain range, on the top of which coral reefs have grown. The Maldivian atolls are a classical example of its sort. The Witwatersrand structure, special to the Maldives and comprising of a series of circular reefs in a lime, is known as ‘faru’. Strong streams, tripping round with the monsoon winds, flowing among the atolls, though a travel between the atolls is often easy to navigate.

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